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Baba

Namaskar,
In the letter – Sadhana: Why To Control Lower Cakras First – there is reference to certain religions where the followers move about when doing their prayer or worship, in which case the mind cannot concentrate properly.

Below we identify some of those religions:

1. Christians: In their approach to prayer, Christians kneel and then stand up and then kneel again. So they move when doing their worship. And in other Christian worship sessions they talk the whole time. So that is another way that they move their physical frame instead of remaining still.

2. Muslims: In their call to prayer, the Muslims also move their body and limbs in various directions – upwards and backwards. Then they place their forehead to the ground and then come up again etc. So there is a lot of movement in namaz.

3. Hindus: In their various forms of idol worship, such Hindus get up and down and may even feed their chosen deity. Or sometimes they lie down in prostration and then get up – and in then drag themselves foward – rise up – and then go down in prostration again. And there are many other ways that Hindus move their bodies when worshiping their deity.

All of the above three religions move their physical bodies in worship; they do not engage in silent, motionless meditation

4. Buddhism: Some of the various Buddhists sects do remain silent and still, but their approach to meditation involves emptying the mind. Theirs is an atheistic approach devoid of devotion.

So the only answer then is to seek out a path that engages in sustained, quiet, God-centered meditation. That is the Ananda Marga method of sadhana.

Here below are some quotes from the main letter…

Ananda Marga philosophy states, “If someone is constantly thinking that he will have to sit down at a certain time, stand up at a certain time, catch hold of one’s nose or ears at a certain time, the mind will automatically tend to become restless. Such is the intimate relation between the body and the mind.” (AV-17)

Acaryaji added, ‘That is why in our Ananda Marga system sadhakas are taught to do sadhana in postures like padmasana or siddhasana. This very science is not known to the various religions. That is why in their prayers they move about: Sometimes standing, then kneeling, then sitting, then placing their hands on their head etc. On other occasions they talk the entire time so their jaw and tongue are moving, and other times they move up and down and all around. But all these movements are distracting to the mind. And that is what Baba is explaining here’.

“If someone is constantly thinking that he will have to sit down at a certain time, stand up at a certain time, catch hold of one’s nose or ears at a certain time, the mind will automatically tend to become restless. Such is the intimate relation between the body and the mind.” (AV-17)

Acaryaji said, ‘In such type of ritualistic prayers when the body is moving hither and thither, then the mind also gets restless. So altogether the idea is that the body should be motionless while doing sadhana. And in that condition naturally sadhana will be better. Also bear in mind that there should not be any confusion about our movement in kiirtan. Kiirtan is not sadhana it is sadhanaunga – a helping tool of sadhana. That is why after doing kiirtan we alwyas sit for meditation. In contrast, the various religions just move and never sit still. The one religion that does sit for meditation is atheistic in nature. So that will not work. Only in Ananda Marga is there a God-centered meditation practice where one sits silently and brings the mind from low to high, by His grace.’

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Mon, 24 June 2013 22:37:14

Baba

== SO-CALLED DICHOTOMY ==
Namaskar,
Here is one question that was perplexing for me and I was not sure how to respond. On the one hand we say that God is very close, not far, so there is no need for calling Him loudly:

“Those who call out loud to attain Him wrongly believe that He is far away from them. However loudly they might call, their call will never reach Him.” (1)

That is one side of the conundrum: Baba’s above guideline is that if you call Him loudly thinking that He is away then He will go even further away.

And, on the other hand, we are instructed that we must sing kiirtan loudly.

In our Ananda Marga, everything is logical and rational, then why this apparent dichotomy.

Actually, I was not confused about this myself. I was not even aware about this matter. It was only brought to my attention when a new person posed this question to me. Then I found I had no logical reply. That is when I became perplexed. I knew there had to be a rational explanation, but I was not sure what that was.

HERE IS THAT SEEMING DICHOTOMY
I spoke with with many people: Acaryas, senior margiis, new and old people, and they told many things. But here is the key point that I share with you now.

For clarity here again is the question at hand.

On the one side, Baba guides us that yelling and hollering the name of the Lord will not bring one any closer to Him. Thus we should not emulate the faulty approach of certain religious followers who yell for the Lord.

Then in so many other discourses He guides us that we Ananda Margiis are to sing kiirtan loudly.

“If anyone is to be praised in this world, if anyone’s virtues are to be extolled loudly through kiirtana, it should be Parama Puruśa. Kiirtana means to utter good words loudly; not mentally, nor in a whisper, but loud enough for everyone to hear.” (Ananda Vacanamrtam – 7, How Should a Devotee Behave?)

In that case what is the difference between the loud singing done by those dogmatic religious followers and our loudly sung kiirtan programs? That is the query the new person posed to me. And at the time I was unable to give a rational convincing response.

But after consulting with others, here is essence of the reply that was given.

HERE IS THE RATIONAL REPLY
When the dogmatic religious followers loudly yell and cry out for their Lord, then their intention is that by this way they should gain His favour or His blessing in the form of material goods etc. And because they think their God is far away – up in the seventh sky – they call for Him very loudly. That is why they use such a booming voice.

Think of it this way. Suppose you and a friend are sitting side by side talking. Then one will not use a loud voice. Rather you will just talk quietly and you may even whisper. Because you understand that your friend is right next to you. Whereas, if you saw your friend all the way down the road, 1/2 a kilometer away – then you would yell loudly, so that he could hear you.

That same modality is functioning with dogmatic worshipers who feel that their Lord is far away. To communicate their requests to Him – to make sure they are heard – they call for Him loudly. But according to Ananda Marga philosophy, loudly yelling will only increase the distance between them and their Lord. That is what happens when they call for Him loudly.

In contrast, when Ananda Margiis sing kiirtan loudly, that is not done because we feel that Parama Purusa is far away – i.e. across the planet or up in the sky etc. We do not feel that He is far and that is now why we sing kiirtan loudly. We sing kiirtan loudly so others can hear the glorious name of the Lord. That is why we sing kiirtan loudly: To propagate the Lord’s glory to others.

“It is said, “Kiirttaniiyah sadáharih”. What do we mean by “kiirttaniiyah”? When someone’s qualities are sung aloud and highly praised, it is called “kiirttaniiyah”. In Saḿskrta, the root verb “kiirt” means “to utter something loudly in praise of someone”. It is something that is uttered loudly enough to be audible to others. If uttered very softly, it will be audible to oneself, and if uttered mentally, it will be audible to one’s own mind, but will not be audible to others. Kiirtana should be sung loudly enough to be heard by others.” (2)

By Baba’s above explanation it is very clear that we are to sing kiirtan loudly so that others may hear. That is the key reason for singing loudly: That way others can listen to the glories of the Lord.

NOT DONE SO THE LORD CAN HEAR
We do not sing loudly because we think that by singing loudly then Parama Purusa can hear us – whereas if we sing softly then He will not be able to hear. We do not take part in such dogma. Because we know that volume is not the operating factor in communicating with Parama Purusa. He is with us always and knows all our thoughts. In that case one need not use one’s voice box at all. In sadhana and in dhyana we communicate silently with Him.

Thus there is no question of singing kiirtan loudly so He can hear it. Even if we silently repeat the kiirtan mantra in the mind, then also He will know about it. Then also He will hear it.

So when we use a loudspeaker in our kiirtan programs that is not so God will hear. Some of the dogmatic religions feel that if the voice does not reach a certain decibel then the Lord cannot hear them. But that is not our approach. We use the PA system or loudspeaker system to share the kiirtan with those around us – so they can hear the Lord’s glories.

JUST LIKE IF YOU FOUND GOLD IN YOUR BASEMENT
Singing kiirtan loudly so others can hear the glories of the Lord is a very natural thing to do.

It is just like if you found a solid gold brick in your basement, then immediately you would cry out and tell all your friends and family about what you found. Here the point is that when anyone finds or discovers something special then they have a strong desire to share that news with others. People have an inherent inclination to share good news with others.

This is what is commonly done. When scientists discover a new star or planet then they have a big press conference and announce it to the world. And when a sports team wins a championship then they broadcast that so all can hear about it. Similarly, when a politician wins an election then they do not just repeat the victory slogan to themselves silently – rather they spread that news far and wide so all can hear it.

This is the common psychology.

In a related manner, when as bhaktas we know that Taraka Brahma has come then we are inclined to share that news with everyone. For that reason, we loudly sing the glories of Parama Purusa so all can hear about it.

We want others to realise that only His name is the divine truth – not any material possession like money, fancy cars, social status, or other mundane quality. These things are transient: Here today, gone tomorrow. Anyone running after material wants is sure to be disappointed as those things just do not last. As Ananda Margiis, we hold dear only His name. That is why we sing Baba Nam Kevalam. Only His name is meaningful – everything else is temporary and transient. So we sing His name loudly to share that the glory or the name of Parama Purusa as that is what is most meaningful. We want to communicate this with everybody.

Thus our main reason for singing kiirtan loudly is so others may be benefited by hearing His divine name – they should hear the glories of the Lord.

“Kiirtaniiyah sadá harih. One should always do the kiirtana of the Lord. What does kiirtana mean? To sing in a loud voice the qualities of the Lord.” (3)

And this is done so that others may hear our call – i.e. the name of the Lord.

OTHER BENEFITS OF SINGING KIIRTAN LOUDLY
One side reason for singing kiirtan loudly is that it satisfies a fundamental emotional quality of being human – i.e. expressing one’s heart-felt feelings.

First and foremost, we sing kiirtan loudly so others can hear not because our aim is to communicate directly with Parama Purusa. That can happen internally – there is no need to sing loudly to achieve that.

MUST CALL HIM WITH AN INTROVERTED MIND – NOT WITH THE VOICE
“Those who call out loud to attain Him wrongly believe that He is far away from them. However loudly they might call, their call will never reach Him. To call that Supreme Entity the mind must be introverted with proper ideation. The scriptures describe three types of incantation: vácanik (verbal repetition), upáḿshu (muttering repetition), mánasik (mental repetition). Verbal repetition means to call Parama Puruśa loudly on the supposition that He is far, far away. In muttering repetition there is a slight movement of the lips causing the incantation to be audible to oneself only. In the third category of incantation it is the mind which utters and listens to the incantation; no one even gets the least hint that you are engaged in iishvara prańidhána (cosmic ideation – a vital part of the spiritual cult).” (4)

ANOTHER REASON
“Why does kiirtana have to be vocalized? The science behind it is that when you do kiirtana loudly your mind remains engaged. It cannot do anything else. At that time it is not possible to abuse someone or to have a worldly conversation. The mind is busy vocalizing, rather I will say that it is given over to the vocalization. The vocal cords are busy in that, the mind is employed in that thought, and the ears are hearing it, they don’t have any chance to go here and there. For this reason the rule of vocalizing kiirtana loudly makes it both heard and sung. Kiirtan is not done softly.” (5)

PERVASIVE POSITIVE EFFECTS OF KIIRTANA

“The easiest way to do this is to sing the glories of the Supreme Entity whose very thought automatically elevates the mind. Chanting the name of Parama Puruśa aloud is called kiirtana; For, the vibration created in the atmosphere by kiirtana will influence others also. But if one’s mental ideation is conveyed only to Parama Puruśa without affecting other human beings, this is called bhajana. So bhajana is purely personal; it has no collective aspect. Kiirtana is more beneficial than bhajana, and hence it is said kiirtaniiyah sadá harih: whenever you find time, do kiirtana loudly and you will never become degenerated because by chanting the Lord’s holy name the mind remains elevated. Mudslinging and criticizing is thereby stopped forever, and hence kiirtana averts the degradation of the human mind. You should always remember that in every sphere of life – social, political, economic, psychic, and spiritual – you should always follow the principle of “taking the opposite stance”: there is no exception to this rule. Victory will surely be yours. ” (6)

THE INNER FEELING IS THE KEY POINT – NOT THE VOLUME OF THE VOICE
“Perhaps you know that japa is of three kinds – vácanika, upáḿshu, and mánasika. Vácanika japa, the attempt to attract His attention by reciting prayers in a loud voice, is absolutely meaningless. Respect, affection, sincerity and devotion are attributes of the inner heart and are not to be expressed loudly in the language of flatterers. Vácanika japa, therefore, serves no purpose. However when a desire for vocal expression of an internal feeling is aroused, the divine touch can be expressed in sweet language in the form of a verse or song…but they cannot serve the purpose of auto-suggestion of Iishvara prańidhána.” (7)

IDEATION IS EVERYTHING

DON’T JUST SHOUT YOUR FEELINGS TO HIM
“Iishvara prańidhána means to move with accelerated speed towards that Supreme Shelter, God. Therefore, Iishvara prańidhána is absolutely based on bháva, or ideation – it is a mental effort in its entirety. Shouting at the top of one’s voice for a big crowd to assemble, or showing devotion by beating drums, etc., has got no place in it. Your Iishvara is not deaf. Don’t shout to convey your mental feelings to Him.” (8)

HE LIES COVERT WITHIN

IF YOU THINK HE IS FAR – YOU WILL CRY YOURSELF HOARSE
“Those who don’t have this feeling and think that Parama Puruśa is far away, may cry themselves hoarse, yet their sobs will not be heard by Him. The actual truth is that the Supreme Entity lies covert in the small “I” feeling of all living creatures. So He is not far from anything; rather, He is the very “I” of each and every microcosm. With this idea or feeling in mind, spiritual aspirants should start their spiritual practice. To be ensconced in this supreme idea is the culminating point of all sadhana.” (9)

HE IS CLOSE OR AS FAR AS YOU DEEM HIM TO BE
“He is far, far away from the one who thinks Him to be remote, and He is nearer than the near to the one who thinks Him to be close. The one who has eyes to see who has known Him even a wee bit, knows that He abides in his or her very sense of existence – in his or her very heart’s desire as the Supreme Radiance. To seek Him – to attain Him – it is not at all necessary to run from one place to another. “He is not elsewhere but right within.”” (10)

HOW SOME HAVE FALLEN IN THIS WAY WITH MPD
In a related manner it is terribly unfortunate that some of our brothers have gotten confused and think that Baba is far, far away, and has left to some other world. Their very use of the term -prayan (gone far away) gives this very idea. That is why they observe mahaprayan divas (MPD). Such persons cannot think or feel that Parama Purusa lies within, so they started their dogma of mahaprayan. Observing this is a veritable dichotomy. Parama Purusa resides eternally in the heart, and the propagators and supporters of MPD proclaim that Baba has journeyed far, far away. Such is their misunderstanding. It is a sad and tragic situation. For their well-being it is our collective responsibility to guide them and bring them onto the right path.

SUMMARY
Thus there is a stark and vast difference between those religious followers who sing loudly to reach the God who is up in the heaven and want bonds and our approach of singing kiirtan loudly with the intent that others should hear. Those are two polar-opposite avenues.

It is just like if a mother and daughter are sitting near each other than they speak softly, and if they are very far apart physically, they will yell to convey their message to one another. Same is the case of those shouting to Parama Purusa in hopes of getting His favour or boons etc. Tragically, they do not feel He is near.

Every true bhakta has realised that they can communicate with Him silently in dhyana – or anytime. Because always Parama Purusa is present – He is aware of one’s every thought.

So our kiirtan is not sung to communicate directly with Him. Kiirtan is done so others may hear about the glory of the Lord.

Namaskar,
At His lotus feet,
Purusottama

REFERENCES
1. Ananda Marga Ideology and Way of Life – 6, Microcosm and Macrocosm
2. Ananda Vacanamrtam – 8, The Lord Should Always Be Praised
3. Ananda Vacanamrtam – 9, “Always Do the Kiirtana of the Lord”
4. AMIWL-6, Microcosm and Macrocosm
5. Ananda Vacanamrtam – 9, “Always Do the Kiirtana of the Lord”
6. AMIWL-11, Taking the Opposite Stance in Battle
7. A Guide to Human Conduct
8. A Guide to Human Conduct
9. Ananda Vacanamrtam – 4, He Is Even Nearer Than You Think
10. SS-2, The Intuitional Science of the Vedas – 2

PRABHAT SAMGIITA

PS Intro: In this following song the devotee is expressing His inner heart to Baba in an indirect manner.

“A’j saka’le ghum bha’una’le, ke tumi priyo cinmay, Abhinava tumi abhinava…” (P.S. 4651)

Purport:

O’ the Divine Entity, who are You who is so effulgent and charming. In the very early dawn, You have come and awakened me this morning. Who are You who is so sweet and benevolent.

By Your own efforts, You have graciously opened my doors of bondage and removed all the attachments from my mind. O’ Divine Entity, You have made me Yours. Who are You who is so beautiful.

Since You came in my life, everything has taken on a new colour. The Controller of the operative principle has Himself taken advent – in the most colourful rainbow form.

O’ Divine Entity, You have coloured my mind; You are the brightest jewel. With Your divine Presence You have vibrated all the lokas. The most effulgent Divine Entity has come and made my life colorful…

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23 Jun 2013 22:43:59 -0000

Baba

(1) Posting: Special Way To Call Parama Purusa + More;
(2) Comment From Readers: From Sukulji on “Story: My Repentance”;
(3) Prabhat Samgiita #838.

== SPECIAL WAY TO CALL PARAMA PURUSA + MORE ==

Namaskar,
During the second week of January 1979, I attended one of Baba’s general darshans. And on that occasion He beautifully explained the essential quality and inner spirit of both the Ista mantra and Guru mantra.

THE INTIMACY OF OUR ISTA MANTRA

In His description of the Ista mantra, Baba began by telling that in our family life, there are various ways people communicate with one another. Take the case of the personal relation between a mother and her son.

If the son’s given name is Ram Kumar then naturally the mother does not always like to address her son by his formal or legal name of Ram Kumar. Rather, in the closeness of their day to day living, the mother affectionately calls him ‘Ramu’. So the nickname ‘Ramu’ is one loving way for the mother to address her son.

Similar is case in the relation between the bhakta and Parama Purusa. Parama Purusa has countless official names or formal titles – one for each of His infinite attributions: Ajana Pathik, Mahasambhuti, Taraka Brahma, Sadguru, Liilamaya, etc. But all along there is one very special & meaningful way for the devotee to call Parama Purusa: That is with one’s Ista Mantra. This is the very personal and intimate way for the bhakta to call Parama Purusa.

As we all know, the very word “Ista” means ‘most loving’, ‘most dear’, ‘most intimate’ etc. So the Ista Mantra is one very loving way for the bhakta to devotionally address Parama Purusa. Thus when a sadhaka repeats or chants their Ista mantra they are calling Parama Purusa. That is the specialty of the Ista mantra in Ananda Marga meditation.

HIS INFINITE COMPASSION

When any sadhaka is sincerely calling Parama Purusa through the repetition of their Ista mantra then if the sadhaka’s mind is wandering here and there, even then Parama Purusa feels great compassion in His heart for that devotee and He lovingly responds. It is just like if one baby tries to speak to its mother but cannot due to its insufficient strength, then that time the mother understands the baby’s desire and she responds with all motherly love. Similarly Parama Purusa cannot sit idle or remain aloof whenever any sadhaka calls Him. Rather then and there the devotee’s call resonates in His heart and He responds.

THE SPECIALTY OF GURU MANTRA

And with respect to Guru mantra, Baba has also given a special description.

Baba graciously guides us that when we do any action in this world then we have to remember that Guru is along with us – witnessing everything. When we think that Parama Purusa is indeed watching our each and every move, then that itself is Guru mantra: ‘Parama Purusa is watching me. Wherever I am – I am never alone – constantly He is watching me.’ This is the feeling behind Guru mantra, or second lesson also known as madhuvidya.

ANANDA MARGA MANTRA SYSTEM IS PERSONALISED

MUST NOT USE OTHERS MANTRA

Sadguru Baba has graciously given a special system wherein each sadhaka in Ananda Marga receives their own personal Ista mantra and Guru mantra. The mantras are uniquely suited to each practitioner based on their inherent samskaras. The acarya assigns the mantra according to Guru’s prescribed system. So one must use the mantra assigned by the acarya as Baba Shrii Shrii Anandamurtiji has infused that mantra with Guru shakti. By this way, when repeated sincerely, that mantra leads to liberation, by His grace. So one must never use or borrow or experiment with anyone else’s mantra. It will not be suited to you and may even bring out harm in some way.

BABA’S TEACHINGS ON ISTA MANTRA

Directly below is a series of quotes on the importance and use of one’s personal Ista mantra. Following that is a seires of quotes on the importance and use of one’s Guru mantra. Thereafter lies a summary of this letter.

THE ISTA MANTRA IS THE

WAY TO CALL THE LORD

“The most proper name for Parama Puruśa, the most suitable name, the most activating name that a person can use, is that person’s own Iśt́a mantra. For that person, other names of Parama Puruśa are no name at all. This is the correct attitude. As you have heard before, once Hanuman was asked, “You are well-versed and you know one thousand and one names for Parama Puruśa, yet you keep repeating ‘Rama, Rama’. Why?” To this Hanuman replied – and his reply was full of teaching –

Shriináthe Jánakiináthe cábheda Paramátmani;
Tathápi mama sarvasvah Rámah kamalalocanah.

“I know that Shriinátha and Jánakiinátha are one from the spiritual point of view. From the spiritual point of view Shriinátha and Jánakiinátha are one and inseparable.” Tathápi mama sarvasvah – “Nevertheless, Rama is everything for me, and I do not recognize Náráyańa or anybody else. For me the word ‘Náráyańa’ has no value.”
“So you must remember, the Iśt́a mantra of a person is everything for that person; other mantras are no mantra for that person.” (1)

ISTA MANTRA LEADS TO ENLIGHTENMENT

“Regarding one’s Iśt́a mantra – first, what’s the meaning of iśt́a? Iśt́a means “loving”, “favourite”, “dear”, “attractive”, “goal”, “terminus”, “desideratum”. There are so many imports of that single term iśt́a. And mantra? There is no proper English word for the Sanskrit word mantra. We use the word “incantation” for mantra, but it is not a proper word for the Sanskrit term. In Sanskrit, the spirit of the term mantra is Mananát tárayet yastu sa mantrah parikiirtitah [“A mantra is that collection of sounds which, when meditated upon, leads to liberation”].” (2)

“For a sa’dhaka, the most valuable thing is his Is’t’a Mantra. With the help of the Is’t’a Mantra or his personal incantation, a sa’dhaka will attain enlightenment.” (3)

IF THE MIND IS NOT CONCENTRATED IN SADHANA

DO KIIRTAN

“Suppose someone is sitting in a particular place, reciting his or her Iśt́a mantra silently. If the mind is engaged elsewhere, then the repetition of the Iśt́a mantra is nothing but a wastage of time. So no one should do such a type of japa or repetition; we do not recognize it as japa at all. In order to do japa, sufficient mental strength and mental equilibrium or equipoise is required. In the midst of wordily squabbles and intrigues, the repetition of one’s Iśt́a mantra is not all possible. This is why I advise people to do kiirtana loudly some time before meditation; because after kiirtana the mind is elevated to a great extent, and in that elevated state of mind, one can easily concentrate in meditation.” (4)

PERSON ISTA MANTRA LEADS ONE TO THE SUPREME

“For a spiritual aspirant, for a sádhaka, his or her Iśt́a mantra is prańava, because it goads the person towards the Supreme Entity; it guides the person towards the Supreme Entity; it helps the person in coming in contact with, or rather becoming one with, or ensconcing oneself in, that Entity. So for a sádhaka, oṋḿkára is not prańava; his or her Iśt́a mantra is prańava. And that’s why so much importance is attached to one’s own Iśt́a mantra. And one must also remember that for each and every sádhaka the most important of all words is his or her Iśt́a mantra. For a particular sádhaka, the only meaningful word, and the most precious word, is that person’s own personal Iśt́a mantra. For the sádhaka, the Iśt́a mantras of others have no value. For you the most meaningful, most valuable, mantra is your personal Iśt́a mantra; and others’ personal Iśt́a mantras have no value for you. They are meaningless words. Do you follow?” (5)

YOU MUST NEVER FORGET YOUR ISTA MANTRA

IT IS THE MOST VALUABLE WORD FOR YOU

“You boys and girls, you know that one should go on repeating one’s Iśt́a Mantra. Always you are doing your work, but you are not repeating your Iśt́a Mantra in your mind. Why? Because you have forgotten the fact that you should repeat it in your mind. Your memory is not strong. That’s why you have forgotten it. Here Lord Buddha said, Samyak Smrti, that is, you must not forget, you must never forget that it is your foremost duty to take the name of the Lord, to repeat your Iśt́a Mantra. It is Samyak Smrti, proper memory.” (6)

“You sádhakas, you boys, you girls, should remember that the most valuable, the most important, word in this universe for you is your personal Iśt́a mantra; and for you, all other words bear no significance, no meaning, no importance.” (7)

PROTECT THE SECRECY OF YOUR ISTA MANTRA

“Your Iśt́a mantra is your most cherished object. This is why its secrecy should be maintained. Something which is very, very dear to one’s heart should be preserved very carefully. Hence it is said that one’s Iśt́a mantra should not be repeated aloud, it should be repeated mentally. And the mind will move towards the Átmá [Soul] while repeating it. In a person’s life it will continue to [resonate] internally, not externally. Finally, with the help of mantra, one will attain mantra caetanya. And when one attains mantra caetanya, one finds a beacon to guide one onward towards his or her goal.” (8)

DHRUVASMRTI:

REPEAT YOUR MANTRA EVEN WHILE SLEEPING

“If the symphony of meditation or japa persists for some time, and if in the natural course of events the jiiva does not forsake the meditation or japa, then loss of memory does not occur. This state is called dhruvásmrti, or “infallible, eternal memory”. A sádhaka with this capacity continues his or her dhyána and japa even in sleep. This kind of japa is called ajapá japa – which is to say, without one actually performing japa, japa is going on.” (9)

SPIRIT OF GURU MANTRA– MADHUVIDYA

Here is the section with a series of quotes about the significance and meaning of Guru mantra.

HE IS ALWAYS WITH YOU – WATCHING YOU – HELPING YOU

“He is the witness of all the worlds, all the deeds done in this universe. Nothing is secret for Him. You cannot do anything nor think anything without being witnessed by Him. If anyone says, ‘I am not being witnessed by anybody,’ He will be witnessing this utterance. So as the witnessing Entity He is always with you. This is the greatest assurance, because when you know that He is with you, your mental strength will increase a thousand-fold, because He is always with you to help you…you are never alone, you are never weak, you are never helpless. So the duty of a perfect human being, the duty of a spiritual aspirant is always to remember this supreme truth – that one is never alone, one is always with Supreme Father. He will always help you.” (10)

DO NOT CONSULT THE STARS – TAKE GURU MANTRA

“You shall not take into account the dates and stars while setting out on a journey. You may, as necessary, set out for your destination after ascribing Brahma-hood to your journey through guru mantra. If you are to consult the dates and stars at every step, you are to carry an almanac with you all the time – something which is truly contrary to nature.” (11)

REPETITION OF GURU MANTRA REMINDS ONE OF THE GOAL

“One should move ahead in one’s mission after determining one’s goal. Once the goal is fixed there remains almost no possibility, of error; hence you should always remember your goal. But once you fall into the trap of error it leads to danger. This is the reason why I advise people to remember their guru mantra, to always remain aware of the goal. The souls of those people who practice sa’dhana’ in this way enter the abode of Brahma.” (12)

REPEAT GURU MANTRA BEFORE ALL MUNDANE WORKS

“When you conduct your worldly activities, beginning with buying supplies from the ration shop, buying tickets for a sporting event or buying a railway ticket, everything is fraught with anxieties. Whatever you do, repeat your Guru mantra in your mind. In other words, while doing your work take the name of Parama Puruśa so that your action will be sanctified. If you find that you are not in a position to do anything else, then sing kiirtana loudly. In this way you will always remain close to Lord.” (13)

DO NOT GET CAUGHT UP IN UPADHARMAS

DO GURU MANTRA AND REMEMBER THE REAL DHARMA

“All dharmas have upadharmas [secondary characteristics]. Human life is no exception. For example, to provide for your family you require some sort of employment – be it agriculture, trading or business – you have to keep the house clean, feed everyone, and so on. These are the secondary characteristics included within the fundamental human dharma. What normally happens in human life? People get caught up in the secondary characteristics. For instance, when eating delicious food people often say “How good it tastes! But if it only had a bit more spice in it, then it would taste even better.” Being engrossed in the secondary dharma, people all too easily deviate from their main dharma. In ancient India, the usual custom was to offer a part of one’s meal to God before eating it. The spirit was, “May I remember You with every bit of food.” In Ananda Marga there is a system of applying guru mantra before commencing any action. The psycho-philosophy behind guru mantra is to transform the secondary dharma into the primary dharma at the psychic level. If this were not done then one’s secondary dharma would predominate. Much precious time is wasted by those who follow their secondary dharmas.” (14)

GURU MANTRA:

ALWAYS MOVE IN BRAHMA

““Brahmacaryam” – that is “moving in Brahma while eating”. What sort of eating? The person is getting all sorts of physical, psychic and supra-psychic pabula from the Cosmic Body of Brahma. Thus he who is moving in Brahma with the help of his second lesson, guru mantra, is brahmacárii. He always remembers the fact that all his movements are within the Cosmic Body of Brahma.” (15)

WAY TO FEEL YOUR LINK WITH HIM

“Suppose, there is a drop of water in an ocean. When the drop feels its unity with the ocean, the drop no longer remains as a drop, it becomes the ocean. But when it feels its separation from the ocean, it is nothing but a drop of water. So, when a human being feels his/her unity with the Supreme Lord and feels that he/she is not an ordinary person, but the blessed child of the Supreme Father and when becomes one with him, then he/she is no longer an ordinary person. He/she acquires immense power, immense vitality, infinite vitality and this is your Yoga in the physical sphere. You should always remember that a man or a woman is an ordinary person when separated from the Supreme Father, but he/she becomes Supreme when one with the Supreme. This we do with the help of our Guru Mantra. This is Yoga in the physical sphere.” (16)

CONQUERS ALL FEAR

“In the case of a psychic disease or when one gets afraid while coming in contact with those luminous bodies or recreated minds, those preśitamánasas, what is the medicine? The medicine is, do kiirtana or devotional chanting. Do kiirtana for one minute or repeat your guru mantra, and that “ghost” will instantly vanish into thin air. So under no circumstances should you be afraid.” (17)

GURU MANTRA IS RIGHT MEMORY:

NEVER FORGET THE LORD

“Now I think there are so many graduates amongst you, and doctors – if you are asked to appear for the examination, the medical final, will you be able to pass just now? No. You have forgotten everything. Your smrti, that is, your memory, will not help you. The smrti has become – what? Very dilute, very faint, due to constant waning. What should be the best smrti? I think your ácáryas told you that you should repeat and recite your Iśt́a mantra whenever possible; I think this was the instruction of your ácáryas, was it not? Internally, Iśt́a mantra and guru mantra. But you forget it. Because your smrti is very dilute. So the best object of smrti is Parama Puruśa. Never forget Him. Always take His name, as per the advice of your ácárya. This is samyak smrti, that is, proper memory. The person who is established, the spiritual aspirant who is established, in samyak smrti, that is, who never forgets the Lord, is called – that particular state of mind is called dharmamegha samádhi, that is, the person is established in proper smrti. That bliss enjoyed by the spiritual aspirant is called dharmamegha samádhi.”
(18)

SEE ALL AS THE EXPRESSION OF THE ONE

“If people become more and more regular in the application of their guru mantra, then on one hand they will be able to perform more and more physical activities, and at the same time they will be able to avoid creating new saḿskáras (reactive momenta). Regarding vipáka it can also be said that human beings must treat all the objects of this universe in the proper perspective as the various expressions of Parama Puruśa, and learn how to apply madhuvidyá even while discharging their mundane duties.” (19)

MANTRA JAPA ALL THE 24HRS

“Kuru puńyam ahorátram. You should be engaged in puńya work ahorátram. Ahorátram means “all the twenty-four hours”…Now, one may ask, “In the daytime you may do puńya work, but while sleeping how can you do puńya work?” The reply is that for doing puńya work, you require psycho-spiritual strength. For doing something bad you do not require any moral courage, or any spiritual strength. But for doing good work you must have moral and spiritual strength. That strength you acquire through dhyána and japa – that is, meditation and repeating the incantation within your mind.”
“Now this japa is adjusted to your breathing, inhalation and exhalation. So if you practise it properly what will happen? Even while sleeping, automatically this japa kriyá will go on in accordance with your respiration – in accordance with your inhalation and exhalation. So while asleep you can do this thing. This is called ajapájapa. That is, there is no special endeavour from your side – the japa goes on automatically. Thus during the night you can also do puńya. Kuru puńyam ahorátram – “For all the twenty-four hours you can do puńya.”” (20)

PARAMA PURUSA IS MINE

“[Some] think, ‘I have nothing of my own. Everything is gone. I am undone.’ Such a negative outlook can only be cured with the constant auto-suggestion, ‘Parama Purus’a is mine,’ which in the language of Tantra is called guru mantra.” (21)

CULTIVATE THE HABIT TO ALWAYS REPEAT GURU MANTRA

“You should remember to use guru mantra regularly before every action. One attains success in the field of action by the right application of guru mantra. Some of you, I do not say all, often forget to use guru mantra before starting an activity. If you do forget, repeat it after completing the action. When one no longer makes such a mistake, that is, when one always remembers to use guru mantra…one experiences an unbroken flow of bliss in one’s mind.” (22)

CONCLUSION:

CALLING AND REMEMBERING HIM

So by our Ista mantra we are lovingly calling Parama Purusa and in the Guru mantra we remember that ‘He is watching me.’ These are the beautiful ways Baba described these two mantras in His special darshan that day.

The way in which you call Him defines the relationship as either close or far. The more intimate the name one uses to refer to Parama Purusa, the closer the relationship. Likewise, the more frequently one takes Guru mantra, the one more will think that Parama Purusa is watching me.

It is important to understand that every practitioner must use their own mantra as it has been assigned to them. Guru Himself has created the system where every sadhaka is given a mantra based on their own, unique samskaras. According to that system, the acarya selects the mantra. Thus one must never use the mantra of any other sadhaka. What to speak of not having the desired effect, doing so may be harmful.

So in devotional life, one is to practice these two mantras accordingly. In the repetition of our Ista mantra the sadhaka is calling Parama Purusa in a deeply loving and personal way – requesting His close proximity. And by Guru mantra, the bhakta is recalling His ever-present gaze, remembering that ‘He witnesses my each and every action.”

With the proper use of these two mantras, the sadhaka spiritualizes each and every aspect of their life and makes great strides in attaining the Supreme stance – by His grace.

Namaskar,
In Him,
Subhash

Note: BABA STORIES ABOUT THE POWERFUL EFFECT OF GURU MANTRA

Here are more postings about the importance and practice of second lesson:

http://am-global-01.blogspot.com/2013/01/baba-story-guru-mantra-its-effect.html

http://am-global-01.blogspot.com/2012/12/baba-story-divine-power-of-kiirtan.html

REFERENCES
1. SS-21, Nama and Namii
2. AV-23, ‘Omnkara and Ista Mantra’
3. SS-18, ‘The Lord and His Name’
4. SS-12, How An Ideal Person Should Live
5. AV-23, ‘Omnkara and Ista Mantra’
6. AV-14, The Fundamental Principles of Life
7. AV-23, ‘Omnkara and Ista Mantra’
8. SS-24, Incantation & Human Progress
9. Yoga Psychology, Under the Shelter of the Guru
10. Istanbul, 1979
11. Caryacarya, part 1
12. Ananda Marga Ideology and Way of Life – 10
13. Ananda Vacanamrtam – 10, The Supreme Entity – the Non-Doer
14. Namami Krsnasundaram, Párthasárathi Krśńa and Dvaetaváda (Discourse 18)
15. Ananda Vacanamrtam – 1, The Glory of Pranava
16. Ananda Vacanamrtam – 14, What is Yoga
17. Yoga Psychology, Are Ghosts Hallucinations
18. Ananda Vacanamrtam – 30
19. Ananda Marga Ideology & Way of Life – 11
20. Ananda Vacanamrtam – 12, Puńya All Twenty-Four Hour
21. Ananda Marga Philosophy in a Nutshell – 8
22. Ananda Vacanamrtam – 7, ‘An Exemplary Life’

***********************************
Comment From Readers

Subject: Re: Story: My Repentance
Date: Sun, 23 Jun 2013 23:23:24 +0530
From: tr sukul <trsukulsagar@g……
To: Ananda Marga Universal

Respected dadaji,
Namaskar.
The story confirms that the truth can never remain hidden. To err is human nature but it becomes admirable when one eliminates it, as soon as it is realized. Repentance, for the error done knowingly, may be the tool to clean the dirt of mind but, as a rule the reactions of actions are certain to be experienced. Dadaji may have cleaned his mind before Mr. Rajuji or Mr. Vermaji, stating their names in this news letter, but he did not acquire sufficient courage to disclose his own name publicly.
Regards,
TRS

Here is a link to that original letter to which Sukulji is responding:

http://anandamargauniversal.blogspot.com/2013/06/story-my-repentance.html
***********************************

******** Prabhat Samgiita #838

“A’mi a’ro keno kichu bhuli na’, shudhu bhule tha’ki tavo na’m…” (P.S. #838)

Purport:

O’ Parama Purusa, it is so unfortunate and painful that I always forget Your divine name. I cannot remember it constantly, because worldly things always come in my mind. And those mundane things I always remember, only I forget Your name. O’ my Dearmost, please grace me. I want to remember Your name all the time – within each and every breath and respiration – but alas I forget.

O’ Divine Entity, although I don’t chant Your name and remember You, even then I can see that You love me. By Your grace I always feel Your love, especially when I look towards You. You are very charming and gracious. O’ Parama Purusa, You are the most magnificent One. When by Your grace the stars shower from Your heavenly effulgent bosom, then the effulgence from those particles fills my heart with divine ecstasy.

Baba, the Parama Purusa, You are the most compassionate One. The divine love which You have poured in my heart always vibrates my being and brings me to the divine world. Baba, by Your grace, today I do sastaunga pranam to You again and again with that tune and melody which You have resonated in my heart & mind.

O’ my Lord Baba, please shower Your causeless grace on me so that I always chant Your divine name…

Read Full Post »

Date: Mon, 10 June 2013 06:22:46

Baba

This entire posting is composed of 2 parts:
(1) Posting: Your Preferences Change: They Are Not Permanent;
(2) Prabhat Samgiita #3114

Baba

== YOUR PREFERENCES CHANGE: THEY ARE NOT PERMANENT ==

Namaskar,
Some people think that their mental tendencies or likings are not related with any philosophy. They think they like something simply because they were born with that liking and that liking is thus permanent. Because of that belief they do not try to change their liking.

They fail to realise that the mind is dynamic and that it can go up or down depending on one’s physical and mental engagement.

Rather non-sadhakas think that whatever they like is fixed and permanent – such as their attachment to meat-eating, pop music, relations etc. They think that these are part of their permanent way of living and that they will like these things forever and ever.

But with just a little reflection anyone can see how their liking changes according to the status of mind. Which is why no grown adult likes to pass their days playing in the sandbox, even though when they were 6 of 7 years of age playing in the sandbox was the greatest thing.

Indeed, one’s liking is so flexible and so changeable: One can even learn to appreciate something that they do not initially like. For instance, one may get transfer orders to a new location and they may not even want to go to that new place. Yet after moving and being there for some time they may come to cherish that new place. And when their their job or posting is again transferred, they may be angry and upset that they have to leave that spot.

Such is the way the mind works. As sadhakas we understand this and should use it to our advantage. And side by side we should teach this idea to non-margiis so they can also grow and develop.

MIND FLOWS IN EITHER DIRECTION – UP OR DOWN

Baba has blessed us with a human mind that has a very special quality. And it is this very quality that allows each and everyone of us to achieve success in sadhana.

And what is that quality? As stated above, the mind will gradually adjust with and develop an affinity for anything in which it is involved.

That means that even if sadhana is difficult – even if sadhana seems impossible – if one tries and perseveres just a little bit, then gradually the mind will become quite adept at doing sadhana. In fact, with just a little effort, the mind will become so immersed in sadhana that it will not wish to do anything else.

The whole process can work in the opposite direction as well if one is constantly submerged in mundane affairs. So one must be careful and pay heed to their mental occupation and daily activities.

Unfortunately, materialists cannot comprehend this philosophy of mind, but in Ananda Marga, our entire approach and philosophy revolves around this practical science.

MIND IS THE CAUSE OF BONDAGE OR LIBERATION

In innumerable discourses and throughout our entire Ananda Marga ideology, Baba is teaching us about the philosophy of mind: That mind is dynamic and it must be channelised towards the spiritual realm.

Mano karoti karma’n’i mano lipyate pa’tako;
Manashca tanmana’ buddhaya’ na pun’yam’ na ca pa’tako

Ananda Marga ideology states, “It is the human mind which is the cause of bondage or liberation. If the mind is in bondage, the person is also in bondage. Similarly, if the mind is liberated the person is also liberated. After all, it is the human mind which engages in auspicious actions. Now, if this mind is kept engrossed in the ideation of Parama Purus’a, then it gets totally merged in Consciousness.” (1)

So the main emphasis of our spiritual philosophy is to goad the mind towards Him and then automatically one will reach the goal. One can find this idea is nearly every Ananda Marga discourse.

Verily the whole of 16 Points and all our life practices are geared towards making the mind more subtle, spiritual, and devotional. Baba has blessed us with this special way of living.

And He furthermore assures us that this plan – this approach of goading the mind towards higher pursuits – will work, cent per cent, with each and every human being, regardless of their background.

Ananda Marga ideology states, “If an ordinary sinner or a confirmed sinner remains absorbed in the thought of Parama Purus’a to the exclusion of all other thoughts, then his mind becomes pointed.” (2)

IMPORTANCE OF THEORETICAL UNDERSTANDING

So it is extremely important for each and every sadhaka to theoretically understand how this science of mind works. Because doing sadhana in this present era is not easy. But if one understands that if the mind is goaded – even a wee-bit – towards the devotional sphere, then little by little the mind will yearn to do sadhana.

That is why if one is having trouble in sadhana, one should not worry. Only one should take this as a sign that they need to goad the mind a little bit more towards that way of life. That means doing a few more minutes of kiirtan, svadhyaya, mantra japa, etc, and then soon the mind will adjust and move in that direction.

And side by side one must also understand that engaging in mundane affairs or debased dealings will obviously divert their mind farther and farther away from sadhana.

To gain success, one must have this theoretical understanding about the philosophy of mind, then one can certainly move ahead.

And again the underlying idea is: The mind will learn to like whatever it is engaged in, whether that thing is good or bad – accordingly the mind will adjust and flow in that direction.

SOME EXAMPLES

Suppose a new margii is immersed in mundane affairs like their job, non-margii social relations, and various other non-spiritual pursuits, but internally he wants to do sadhana. Then all he has to do is follow the precepts of manan (thinking about Him), shravan (singing & listening His name), and niddhidhyasana (ideating on Him) and then certainly in a very short time that new margii will be infused with tremendous speed in sadhana as the mind will like to do more meditation.

And this will not just work with new margiis – but with any Ananda Margii, even one who has been on the path for 50 years.

Because the theory always applies universally that the mind will adjust with whatever it is given to do. If we involve in dhyana, japa, kiirtan, satsaunga, prabhat samgiita, brahmacarya, and so many of our other Ananda Marga practices, then naturally the mind will swiftly move in that direction – towards that sublime ideal.

So there is hope for each and everyone – and we should always be wary not to slip in the opposite direction.

Because let’s say there is an established margii who is involved in sadhana but little by little starts engaging in more mundane affairs like his silly games, or excess gossip, or useless email conversations etc, then the mind will steadily drift away from sadhana until finally that sadhaka will lose their spiritual flow entirely.

This philosophy of mind is so powerful that if even an ideal man starts associating with winos and drunks then over time he himself will start to yearn for their company and begin swigging from the bottle.

Because mind will always run after and learn to like whatever activity in which it is engaged. That is the key theme.

SATSAUNGA IS NEEDED

The mind also changes according to the company one keeps. Many ate onion and garlic or smoked before entering Ananda Marga. Upon being surrounded by sadhakas (i.e. good company or satsaunga) then their mind changed and they gradually gave up those tamasik habits. SO the mind changes according to one’s company as well.

Ananda Marga ideology states,”So while selecting company, you should be careful whether its discourses, its activities, its plans or programmes are to decrease the distance between you and your Lord. This is Satsaunga, good company. Otherwise it is Asatsauṋga.” (3)

SPIRITUALISE THE MIND EACH AND EVERY MOMENT

Thus as sadhakas living in this present era, we should make a strict sadhana routine & devotional program and stick to that. We should make a sadhana quota whereby we do all our lessons two times daily as well as involve in Guru Sakash, proper ideation before sleep, and as much shravan, manan, niddhidhyasana as we can during the day.

Verily we should spiritualise the mind each and every moment of our lives through constant japa and ideation. By this way we can and will expedite our movement on the path – making sadhana an effortless, blissful, and deeply devotional experience.

We should utilise this philosophical aspect and tendency of mind to our maximum advantage.

COME FROM PAST ANIMAL LIVES

Let us never forget that each and every human being has come from past animal lives so those baser propensities are still in effect – to some or more degree. And people are well familiar with those animal enjoyments. That is why it all so easy and quite common for the masses to move in this negative direction – i.e. negative pratisaincara. And the mind will learn to like that making one’s descent very swift and harsh.

As sadhakas we must never fall prey to such degradation – rather we are to keep ourselves moving in the sentient flow and pull others in that current as well.

DOOR OF LIBERATION WILL IMMEDIATELY OPEN

By His grace, as margiis we have the theoretical understanding as well as the practices to get success and reach the goal whereas materialistic-minded people will sadly become one with matter. We should proceed along the path and inspire others as well.

“Human beings should not be anxious under any circumstances, Parama Purus’a is always with everyone. If one has love for Parama Purus’a, the door of liberation or salvation will immediately open.” (4)

And here are more of Baba’s teachings on this subject.

THOSE WHO WANT THE SUPREME ENTITY

WILL HAVE TO IDEATE ON PARAMA PURUS’A

Baba has graciously blessed us with the practical method of how to ideate on Him. We should share this technique with one and all. We should never allow others to settle for any lesser approach. It is everyone’s birthright to get Him – by their thoughts alone, one can attain His eternal shelter, by His grace.

“It is also stated in Tantra that if a person wants only to attain limited progress, one may practise on certain limited ideas. But those who are genuine seekers of Brahma will never agree to worship any finite idea. Those who want the Supreme Entity will have to ideate on Parama Purus’a alone. People may attain limited achievement in terms of occult power through the grace of the gods and goddesses, but they will remain far away from the attainment of the Supreme Entity.” (5)

IF THE MOVEMENT TO THE SUBTLE IS ENCOURAGED

ONE WILL BE CONVERTED INTO COSMIC MIND

“Now, the objectivated [human] mind may move from subtle towards crude or from crude towards subtle, unlike the movements of other entities of this universe. If the movement towards crude is encouraged, the mind – and at the same time the entire existence of the human being – will be converted into crude matter. That is, it will [take] the path of negative pratisaincara. And if the movement towards subtle is encouraged, then one’s entire existence will be converted into either Cosmic Mind or Cosmic Cognitive Faculty. This is the speciality of mind, and that is why it is said:”

[It is the mind that performs good actions and it is the mind that sins. For the mind that is immersed in the thought of God, there is no virtue, no vice.]

[The mind of a person in bondage is attached to his or her objects of enjoyment, whereas the mind of a person who has attained liberation has no mental object.]

““The mind is the cause of bondage, and this mind, this very mind, is the cause of liberation, is the cause of emancipation.” If the movement towards subtle is encouraged, and there is movement with proper acceleration, then what will happen? There will take place one of two different things: either one’s existence will be converted into the Cosmic Mind – that metamorphosis of unit mind into Cosmic Mind is known as the qualified stance – saguńásthiti – or, if the very “I” feeling is surrendered at the altar of Supreme Existence, then the alternative will be that the entire existential factor will become one with the Supreme Cognitive Faculty, with the Cognitive Principle – one will become omniscient, an all-knowing entity.” (6)

MIND IS THE CAUSE OF BONDAGE

MIND IS THE CAUSE OF LIBERATION

““It is the human mind which is the cause of bondage or liberation. If the mind is in bondage, the person is also in bondage. Similarly, if the mind is liberated the person is also liberated. After all, it is the human mind which engages in auspicious actions. Now, if this mind is kept engrossed in the ideation of Parama Puruśa, then it gets totally merged in Consciousness. In that case, where is the scope for virtue or vice for that person?””
“If an ordinary sinner or a confirmed sinner remains absorbed in the thought of Parama Puruśa to the exclusion of all other thoughts, then his or her mind becomes pointed. This is called agryábuddhi [pinnacled intellect] in Sanskrit. In that state of mind the spiritual aspirant gets well established in pinnacled intellect. Unless and until the ordinary human intellect is elevated to the level of pinnacled intellect or apexed intellect, the continuous rise and fall of innumerable vibrations within one’s existence continues. These psychic vibrations are sometimes the vibrations of virtue, sometimes the vibrations of vice, sometimes the vibrations of the reaction of sinful deeds, sometimes of virtuous deeds. Unless the human mind is pointed, this rise and fall of antagonistic psychic vibrations will go on. The moment the mind is centred on Parama Puruśa, then that mind will naturally become pointed. In that state there is no scope for the rise and fall of any wave – neither the wave of virtue nor the wave of vice. Thus it is said that when a spiritual aspirant is established in pinnacled intellect, there cannot be any question of virtue and vice. A person who has taken the Cosmic shelter goes far above the scope of virtue or vice. This is something very natural.” (7)

BE VERY CAUTIOUS ABOUT SELECTING ONE’S GOAL

Mana eva manuśyáńám káránaḿ bandhamokśayoh,
Bandhasya viśayásaungimuktonirviśayaḿ tathá.

““The mind is the cause of bondage or liberation of human beings. A person under bondage is attached to a mental or physical object, whereas the liberated one is free from all objects.” If the mind is confined to something physical or psychic it is bound to be assailed by either pleasure or pain – it is inevitable. However hard you may try you can not avoid it, because you are so inseparably bound to your objects.”

“It is also true that you will not remain associated with your object forever because the speed of movement of both cannot be equal forever. The person with whom you live with all the warmth of your life will ultimately desert you – it is a cruel game. Confronted with this grim reality one should be very cautious about selecting one’s goal. One thing is clear – the Supreme Entity alone should be accepted as one’s goal.” (8)

WITHDRAW YOUR LOVE FROM THE UNIT AND MERGE YOURSELF IN THE WHOLE

Mana eva mauśya nám kárańam bandha mokśayo

“In other words the unit attains salvation only when she/he empties her/his mind of all objects. Just as an iron sword can perform acts of cruelty or merely cut the rope tethering and animal, similarly, according to its objective tendencies, the mind can also be the cause of both bondage and liberation.”
“All unit objects are external. Love for such unit objects can never be lasting, for the mind always keeps hopping from one object to another. That is why I say, withdraw your love from the unit and merge yourself in the whole. Don’t mistake the unit for the soul or God. The attainment of one’s inner self is only possible through love for the Infinite. Dońt pretend to be inferior and as a result become lazy. Fill your heart with love of the Infinite, and your soul will be transformed into the Supreme Soul. No worldly happiness is limitless. Dedicate yourself completely to the blissful ocean of the Supreme Soul. Then alone will you realize what happiness really is. This path to attain happiness, this Sádhaná of self-surrender I call absolute devotion. Carry on performing your worldly duties with sincerity, and at the same time think about the pure self within you. Then alone will your Sádhaná be justified. The constant thought of your pure inner Self will certainly one day establish you in your original source, and this is the ultimate aim of Sádhaná.” (9)

CANNOT SIMULTANEOUSLY BE PLUNGED IN WORLDLY ACTIONS

AND MEDITATE ON BRAHMA

“Thus, the mind is behind all our activities, whether we direct it towards worldly objects or towards Brahma. No action is possible without the mind. The mind has infinite potentialities and controlling these infinite potentialities is sádhaná.”
“Though the mind is very powerful it has one serious shortcoming. It cannot think of two objects concurrently.”
“Whenever it thinks it has one single object. Nevertheless the speed of the mind’s action is baffling. While concentrating on a particular work we may also hear others about us [[talking]]. This is due to the fast acting power of the mind, which leads us to believe that the thought currents of the mind are unbroken. For example, while witnessing the pictures in cinema, we also enjoy the dialogue. The activities of the mind can be understood by diligently applying the mind and we see that the mind can do only one thing at a time. Therefore worldly acts and meditation on Brahma cannot be done simultaneously. It is impossible that on one side humans will remain bound up with passion, anger, avarice etc. and on the other, will worship Brahma. The mind must be sanctified for the worship of Brahma.” (10)

ONE GETS TOTALLY MERGED IN CONSCIOUSNESS

“It is the human mind which performs action…”
““It is the human mind which is the cause of bondage or liberation. If the mind is in bondage, the person is also in bondage. Similarly, if the mind is liberated the person is also liberated. After all, it is the human mind which engages in auspicious actions. Now, if this mind is kept engrossed in the ideation of Parama Puruśa, then it gets totally merged in Consciousness. In that case, where is the scope for virtue or vice for that person?”” (11)

MIND REQUIRES SOME PABULUM

“This human mind is a peculiar entity. It is the cause of all our sorrows and predicaments, and it is the cause of our supreme bliss. It is the cause of bondage, and it is the cause of liberation.” Now this mind, working within human framework, requires some pabulum for its maintenance. In the human mind there are fifty such pabula. And these are the human propensities, vrttis.” (12y)

HOW THE MIND FUNCTIONS

“It is said in Samskrta: Mana eva manuśyánáḿ kárańam bandha-mokśayoh.”
“Now let us analyse how the mind functions. In the physical sphere energy is essential for action. What is energy? Energy is the actional state within a material structure. This energy by itself is a blind force and for its activation intellect must exist: a driver is required to direct this blind force. The support of the intellect is a prime necessity for the operation of energy in this material world. If an useful thing is kept easily accessible to the common people in a country or society, in most cases it is misused or spoiled. Those who are considerate and have the power of judgement should be entrusted with the responsibility of controlling the physical power of common people with their intellectual power, otherwise everything will be spoiled. It is like a bullock which, without a driver, is unable to decide whether to pull its cart towards the right or the left. Only a discriminating driver can control everything efficiently.”
“As people, guided by their intellect, continue to gather practical experiences of the ups and downs of this world, they gradually start to realize that their psychic capacities are too inadequate to accomplish any great task. Then, faced with the stark realities of life, they realize that they have no alternative but to merge with the Supreme Consciousness. At that stage, whatever they do will have a cosmic support and will be genuine. That is why enlightened persons always prefer to remain unified with the Supreme Entity. This is considered the highest attainment of knowledge.” (13)

A STATE OF COSMIC BLISS FAR ABOVE THE DOMAIN OF MUNDANE PLEASURES

“It is the mind which carries the burden of pains and pleasures. In the mind is the gloomy black curtain of sorrow, and through this dark curtain pierces the silver light and golden glow of momentary happiness. As long as there are other entities outside the unit mind, there will continue to be sorrows and afflictions, desires, passions and pains. As a result of various types of physical or psychic clashes with other entities, the feelings of pain and pleasure rise and fall like bubbles in the mind. If, through sádhaná, people can merge their unit minds with the Cosmic Mind of Parama Puruśa, then the unit minds themselves become the Cosmic Mind: their individual identities are merged in that Cosmic “I”. In that condition, there remains nothing outside. Thus, there is no longer any possibility of physical or psychic clash with any external entity or object. All objects, all ideas, arise out of one’s mind. This is the state of liberation – a state of Cosmic bliss far above the domain of mundane pleasures and pains.” (14)

IF THE PABULUM IS INFINITE

THE MIND BECOMES INFINITE

“Mind alone is the cause of the bondage and liberation of human beings. Why is it the cause of bondage and liberation? It is because all the beings below human being are bereft of an independent mind. Their minds are guided by their natural instincts. But human beings have an independent mind. They can act according to their will. They can take the track either of bondage or of liberation. This is the fundamental difference between human beings and animals.”
“The mind must always have an object (viśaya). In scriptures, viśaya is known as “ábhoga.” “Ábhoga” means that object which feeds the mind – that is, mental pabulum. If this pabulum is limited, the mind also becomes limited. If the pabulum is infinite, by making an effort to obtain it, the mind becomes infinite. It depends entirely on the will of human beings which pabulum, limited or unlimited, is made their object. Whether a person becomes great or small completely depends on the person’s wish.”

Bandhastu viśayásaungii mukto nirvisáyaḿstathá.

““When the object of human beings is small and they remain fixed to it, they are in bondage. When the object of the mind is infinite, and we get merged into it, as it is not possible to hold it, we call it liberation.””

Páshabaddho bhavejjiivo páshamukto bhavet Shivah.

““The person whose object of mind is limited, is in bondage. When the object of mind is unlimited, it (the mind) cannot be kept within limitations. Then there is no bondage, but liberation.”” (15)

SUMMARY

By this entire theory & topic, we should understand that the human mind has a unique & special quality: the mind will gradually adjust with and develop an affinity for anything in which it is involved. And we should apply this in our practical lives.

As sadhakas we generally want to do sadhana and reach the Goal. Unfortunately sometimes the mind does not like to cooperate. In that case, one must try and bring the mind in a more spiritual flow by doing svadhaya, japa, kiirtan, and dhyana etc. Whether the mind likes all this or not, gradually the mind will adjust and learn to like it – thereby accelerating one’s movement on the path.

After reading this letter if you still think that liking does not change, then test it. Look back 5 or 10 years and check out what you were doing and who your friends were. Most probably you will see quite a bit of change. All should utlise this for developing more positive likings.

Namaskar,
Sastaunga Pranam to Baba,
Dharmadeva

REFERENCES:
1. NHNS-1
2. Neo-Humanism in a Nutshell – 1
3. Ananda Vacanamrtam -14, Auto-Suggestion and Outer Suggestion
4. 16 May 1980, Varanasi
5. Discourses on Tantra-1
6. Neo-Humanism in a Nutshell – 1, Existential Flow and Its Culminating Point
7. A Few Problems Solved Part 5, What is Dogma
8. Ananda Marga Philosophy in a Nutshell – 6, Ekendriya – 4
9. The Intuitional Science of the Vedas – 1
10. Subháśita Saḿgraha Part 1, The Form of Sadhana
11. A Few Problems Solved Part 5, What is Dogma
12. Ananda Vacanamrtam – 30, The Subtlest Propensity
13. Ananda Marga Ideology and Way of Life -10, The Cardinal Spirit of Action and the Supreme Stance of Devotion
14. Namah Shivaya Shantaya, Disc: 16
15. Ananda Vacanamrtam – 1, Leaving Bondage

****************************Prabhat Samgiit*****************

This following song is a song of melancholic longing. Sometimes devotees in longing want to have Parama Purus’a more close. This very P.S. song composition expresses that deep devotional longing.

“Toma’ya d’aki dine ra’te, Tumi ki pa’ona’ shun’ite…” – PS #3114

O’ my Dearmost Parama Purusa, in Your longing I am crying and calling You day and night. O’ my Lord, can’t Your hear me. I am crying for You all the time in darkness, in light, in my sleep and while awake. All the time I am crying and crying in Your longing. A very Long span of time has passed and still I am in hope that next spring I will have You in my bosom. O’ Parama Purusa Baba, please grace me by coming…

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Baba
IN ANANDA MARGA:
2-WAY COMMUNICATION, NOT 3

PS Intro: Prabhat Samgiita is the loving communication between the bhakta and Parama Purusa. In most compositions, the song is sung by the devotee; less frequently Parama Purusa is addressing the devotee, either using direct or indirect language. But always the song is the loving sharing between Parama Purusa and the bhakta. Never is there a third entity in the song.
In contrast, traditional Hindu devotional bhajans and writings might employ 2 characters, i.e. bhakta and Parama Purusa, or 3 characters. In those instances where there are 3 characters, then 2 of the them are devotees who are friends talking about the third character – i.e. Parama Purusa. For example, one devotee might ask, “Why are you crying? Is it because your Lord has not come?” This is a common scenario in melancholic, traditional Indian bhajans.
But in Prabhat Samgiita, the communication is exclusively between the bhakta and Parama Purusa – there is no 3rd party. Sometimes the devotee is talking with Parama Purusa, sometimes Parama Purusa is addressing the devotee. In either case, the style of communication may be direct or indirect. In some rare melancholic compositions, Parama Purusa addresses the bhakta in a very indirect and disguised manner wherein the devotee does not even recognise that it is Parama Purusa.
For example, in a melancholic song, if a devotee is crying in longing for Parama Purusa, then Parama Purusa might come in a disguised way so the bhakta does not even realise it is Parama Purusa. Keeping His identity hidden, Parama Purusa then asks, “Why are you crying? In whose longing are you crying?”
The following song proceeds in this subtle manner. Parama Purusa has come to the devotee in a disguised way and the devotee has no idea that Parama Pursua is the One next to him addressing him and asking these questions. In this way Parama Purusa plays His divine liila.
“A’nkhiro ba’dal mucheche ka’jal, ka’r katha’ mane par’e balo na’…” (PS 3013)

1ST STANZA
Line Meaning: Please tell me whose longing brought the showering of tears in your eyes that washed away the collyrium. Why is sleep not coming in your eyes – I am asking you, please tell me. Why are you so upset? Who has given you so much pain. Why are you crying? Please tell me what is wrong. Tell me what you are feeling.
Purport: O’ devotee, please tell me whose longing brought the showering of tears in your eyes that washed away the collyrium. Why is sleep not coming in your eyes – I am asking you, please tell me. Why are you so upset? Who has given you so much pain. Why are you crying? Please tell me what is wrong. Tell me what you are going through.

Refrain: O’ devotee, please tell me whose longing brought the showering of tears in your eyes that washed away the collyrium.

2ND STANZA
Line Meaning: The sweet, tranquil, pain-relieving, aromatic breeze of this most charming, divinely intoxicating, effulgent full-moon night where everything basks in the light, why are you feeling so distraught? In whose longing are you remaining awake in hopelessness? Putting aside all feelings of shyness and fear, just tell me who has done this to you.
Purport: O’ devotee, the sweet, aromatic breeze of this most charming, full-moon night – where everything in all directions is illumined and basking in the moon’s effulgence – brings tranquility and removes the burden of agony and pain. When the entire scene is so divinely intoxicating, then why are you still so despondent. In whose longing are you remaining awake in hopelessness? Why are you feeling so distraught? Putting aside all feelings of shyness and fear, just tell me who has done this to you. Who has broken your heart.
Refrain: O’ devotee, please tell me whose longing brought the showering of tears in your eyes that washed away the collyrium.

3RD STANZA
Line Meaning: The black clouds of the mind cannot remain for a long time. With the practice of dharana and dhyana, gradually they will go away. You should know that after bad days naturally good days are going to come. Knowing this fact, I tell you not to worry.
Purport: O’ devotee, the dark, black clouds of the mind cannot remain for a long time – this period of suffering and the pain of not getting Parama Purusa pain will not last forever. This despondency, melancholia, and sadness will diminish. With the practice of dharana, dhyana, asana, pranayama, kiirtan and engaging in spiritual life, gradually those dark clouds will go away – your troubles will be over. You should know, after the bad days naturally good days are going to come. That is sure. For whom you are crying, your loved one Parama Purusa will come and fulfill your desire. Blissful days are ahead. Knowing this fact, I assure you not to worry. Everything will be alright. He will come to you.
Refrain: O’ devotee, please tell me whose longing brought the showering of tears in your eyes that washed away the collyrium. Please tell me.

CLOSING
O’ devotee, you must know, after the bad days, good days are bound to come. That is certain. For whom you are crying, your Beloved Parama Purusa will come by your side and satiate your longing to your heart’s content. Blissful times await you. Knowing this fact, I assure you not to worry. Everything will be alright…

Namaskar,
in Him,
Vara’bhaya

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Baba

This entire posting is composed of 2 parts:
(1) Posting: Why Kevalam
(2) Prabhat Samgiita #702;

== WHY KEVALAM ==

Namaskar,
Our kiirtan mantra is highly unique: Each word has its particular and pointed meaning.

Even then, some may wonder about the greater significance of the term ‘kevalam’. Specifically, when Baba has selected only three words to comprise our entire kiirtan mantra, why has the term kevalam been chosen? What value does it have?

As Ananda Margiis, we should have a deep understanding of all Baba has given. Let’s together examine why He has included ‘kevalam’ in our kiirtan mantra, as well as why it is so important.

WHAT THE DOGMATIC RELIGIONS DO

Since their inception, all the dogmatic religions have taken to worshiping multiple personalities. Whether a semitic religion or an eastern one, they all fall prey to this approach.

In Islam, they worship both Allah and the prophet Muhammad. Christianity worships God and their prophet Jesus. And the Jews worship God and their prophet Moses. And then all three recognise the existence of Satan.

So their prayer or worship is not directed toward a single entity. They believe in multiple deities and even recognise the existence an all-powerful evil Satan that operates beyond God’s domain.

Eastern religions like Hinduism have their own set of issues in this regard.

In most Hindu kiirtans, there are at minimum two deities being praised. Those deities may be Radha & Krsna, Laksmii & Visnu, or Siita and Rama. Never is their kiirtan sung for only one god. And in their paintings also, if there is a picture of Krsna then Radha is also depicted.

Plus in typical Hindu puja worship, not just two or three, but dozens of deities are mentioned and worshiped. For instance, in Lord Krsna temples, always a multitude of other deities or idols are present. In Lord Shiva temples, there will always be Ganesh, Karitkeya, Nandi, Bhaerava, Visnu, Laksmii, Kalii, and Parvatii etc. One must offer sweets to all, do sastaunga pranam to all, and / or light incense to honor all.

BABA REJECTS THIS IDEA

However, Baba wholly rejects this notion that one should worship multiple gods or multiple personalities.

In Ananda Vacanamrtam, Baba recounts a humorous story of when He was watching one of His uncles perform puja. His uncle recited a shloka that contained the names of so many gods and goddesses The names were seemingly endless and Baba’s uncle faithfully recited them all. And then at the end of his puja, the uncle said, “If there is any deity whom I have failed to mention, please do not be angry, please accept my humble salutation…”

“A person whom I was very close to, a relative of mine, used to recite the following after taking bath: “Victory to mother Káli, victory, victory to Káli, victory to mother Káli of T́han T́haniá, victory to mother Káli of Dakśińeshvar, victory to Bábá Táraknáth, victory to Bábá Vaidyanath of Deoghar. O, Fathers! None of you should think that I am leaving out someone’s name.” After this he would say, “O, gods and goddesses, please forgive me if I have omitted any name inadvertently. Please assume that I have mentioned your name also.” Does this yield anything at all? One says “victory to mother Káli of Kálighát” and in the same breath one says “victory to mother Káli of T́han T́haniá.” It signifies that the mind is moving both towards Kálighát and T́han T́haniá. Can the mind become concentrated in this way? Certainly not.” (1)

Here Baba is showing us that no one should do puja in this defective manner. Our approach should be singular in nature – not two or three or ten or twenty.

That is why in so many discourses Baba has told the story of the great devotee Hanuman who would only repeat Ram’s name. Others would question Hanuman and ask him why he is not repeating any other name. Then Hanuman replied, “I know Rama and no one else. All other names are meaningless to me.”

Baba uses this story to show us that this is the proper approach. An aspirant should have pointed, singular approach on path of spirituality. The Goal should be singular in nature, otherwise a sadhaka cannot get success.

ONLY ONE…ONLY ONE

That is why in our Ananda Marga there is only one of everything. There is one God, one Guru, one Preceptor. We repeat one Ista Mantra. Sadhakas have one Guru Mantra. In each and every sphere of our practice there is one. That makes our spiritual approach pointed.

Similarly in our Ananda Marga kiirtan there is only one. There is Parama Purusa Baba. And to emphasize this crucial point the term, ‘kevalam’, meaning only, has been used.

Because up till now, every kiirtan and every religious approach has embraced multiple deities. Whether it be god and Jesus or Radha and Krsna, but that bifurcates the mind and leads people astray.

In Ananda Marga, we are blessed with a unique approach that is singular and pointed. To protect the sanctity of our kiirtan, the term ‘kevalam’ has been given to ensure that under no circumstances is there to be more than one. Only the name of Parama Purusa Baba and no other. Only He is our Goal.

PRIESTS HAVE TAINTED TARAKA BRAHMA’S APPROACH IN THE PAST

Lord Krsna graciously told sadhakas to follow Him and on one else. He emphasized that a devotee must not let the mind run in hundreds of directions, nor in even two directions.

“Forgetting all other things, forgetting your desires and aspirations, come to Me.” Ma’mekam’ sharan’am’ vraja – “take shelter in Me.” (2)

But the priests of the day could not manage and it was not long before they instituted the idea of worshiping Radha. And not only that, so many other deities have come alive in the name of worshiping Lord Krsna.

And in Ananda Marga, there were similar problems. Prior to 1970, various so-called devotees were also worshiping Uma Sarkar and crying for her. They were chanting “Maa…Maa” etc.

But this dogma soon got obliterated. In the liila of Parama Purusa, Uma Sarkar took her own route in life and there was no scope for anyone in Ananda Marga to get confused in this regard.

In Ananda Marga, the sanctity and singularity of Ista has been protected and maintained. The term ‘kevalam’ in our kiirtan emphasizes the idea again and again that ours is a singular approach. We only sing, worship, and meditate on His name and no other. Only, Only, Only that is the essence if kevalam, only the name of Baba.

NOT ‘LOVE IS ALL THERE IS’

A final note on this topic is that in certain sectors, some have translated Baba Nam Kevalam as ‘Love is all there is’. But as His disciples we should propagate Baba’s meaning of this mantra.

“And what is Kiirtana? You are teaching your mind, you are teaching your ear, what you are saying with your vocal cord. What is that? To take only His name, and not so many names – London, Liverpool, Birmingham, Santiago… What is the meaning of Kiirtana? “Ba’ba’ Na’ma Kevalam”. “Ba’ba’” means “the Dearest One”. Only the name of the Dearest One, only the name of Parama Purus’a, and not so many names – Helsinki or London or Santiago or Georgetown. (3)

Our kiirtan is unique. It means only the name of Baba. He is the Parama Purusa and we are singing to Him and Him alone. He is the ONLY object of our adoration and ideation.

Whereas the term love has all sorts of vague meanings and mundane insinuations. People commonly say, “I love movies”, “I love ice cream”, “I love my boyfriend”, “I love drinking wine” etc. So when we teach them kiirtan they will use that type of ideation. It happens.

Hence, we should avoid translating Baba Nam Kevalam as ‘Love is all there is’, and instead use Baba’s own description and translation.

THERE IS NO SECOND ENTITY

In our kiirtan we are to take the name of only One Divine Entity, Baba. And that is emphasized by Baba’s special use of the term kevalam, meaning only.

“Within the scope of infinite space, and without the scope of infinite space, He is the Singular entity. So nobody is outside Him. So He is the only goal. He is only Desideratum, and for Him you say, “Ba’ba’ Na’ma Kevalam”. That is, “I am taking the name of that Singular Entity.” (4)

““Kevalam”; only the name of that Noumenal Entity because he is the only Noumenal entity and there is no second Entity. So there is no alternative but to move and dance and sing around Him.” (5)

“The question arises – is the Supreme Entity, the Supreme Faculty, a singular one or a plural one? The question of plurality in the controlling faculty is a knotty one. The rs’i says the important law, the Supreme Controlling Faculty, is a singular one – a singular one. There cannot be any plurality in it. That is, it is singular and shall remain singular forever.” (6)

Namaskar,
Sastaunga Pranam to Baba,
Bharat

***** Prabhat Samgiita #702******

“Tava preran’a’y puspit holo shus’ka marur yato taru…” (PS 702)

Purport:

O’ Parama Purusa, You are the most magnificent One. By Your divine grace, all the trees & vegetation in the dry, dusty maru [1] (desert) have started to bloom and flower. By Your unfathomable grace, the fragrant flower blossoms have transformed the dead and lifeless desert into a golden, colorful, and charming paradise – overflowing with sweetness and full of life. O’ my Lord, You can do anything and everything.

O’ Divine Entiy, You have done the impossible. That which I could never imagine happening and that which still today at this very moment is difficult for me to believe happening, that impossible feat You have done. You have made my broken heart new again – full of love for You. With Your divine compassion You have filled my heart with devotion and propelled me forward on the path of sadhana. It is only Your grace.

O’ Parama Purusa Baba, You are unparalleled. You are the embodiment of everything & You go everywhere. On the one side You are stationary yet at the same time You move very, very fast. Baba, by Your grace with the madhu meru (mountain of sweetness) You stir and vibrate the jyotisamudra (effulgent ocean) [2]. O’ my Lord, You have flooded the spiritual realm with the love and attraction for You.

Baba, by Your grace everything has changed and my sleeping, sunken heart has become full of devotion. Baba, I love You. Your grace is everything…

NOTES FOR PRABHAT SAMGIITA 702:

[1] Maru: (Literally means desert). In this song the maru or desert metaphorically represents the sadhaka whose heart is completely dry – devoid of any devotion. And the flower blossom represents the sweetness of devotion. So in the above Prabhat Samgiita, the maru or desert has become full of fragrant flowers, i.e. by Baba’s causeless grace the sadhaka’s heart has become full of devotion.

[2] Jyoti Samudra and Madhu Meru: The term ‘jyoti samudra’ liteally means effulgent ocean and the phrase ‘madhu meru’ means the mountain of sweetness. The inner sense is that the jyoti samudra is the spiritual world and the madhu meru is that deep devotional attraction for Him, i.e. madhur bhava (loving relation with Baba in dhyana). Thus in the song when it says that Baba is stirring the jyoti samudra with the madhu meru, it means that Baba has vibrated the entire spiritual sphere to such a height that everything is upsurging with the flow of devotion– by Baba’s divine grace the bhakta is ensconced in madhur bhava, that deeply charming and loving relation with Him.

REFERENCES:
1. 11 April 1979, Kolkata
2. Namami Krsnasundaram, Disc: 6
3. Ananda Vacanamrtam-12
4. Ananda Vacanamrtam-12
5. Ananda Vacanamrtam-12
6. Ananda Vacanamrtam-1

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Baba

This entire email is composed of 3 parts:
(1) Posting: Tamasika Akhanda Kiirtana;
(2) Trailder Quote: Way to Bring People into Ananda Marga;
(3) Prabhat Samgiita #1103;

Each section is demarcated by asterisks (***).

== TAMASIKA AKHANDA KIIRTANA ==

Namaskar,
This entire letter is related with akhanda kiirtana and its sentient practice.

BABA’S APPROVED APPROACH: SENTIENT KIIRTANA AT DMC

Under Baba’s divine guidance at DMC kiirtana was always done in dharmic fashion and the sanctity and speciality of kiirtana was always strictly maintained, never sacrificed or compromised in any way.

In this regard, in particular, during all the DMC programs, males and females did not sing kiirtana together at the same time. Rather kiirtana was always done separately; and surely everyone who attended DMC remembers this. When the males would sing, the females would practice meditation. And when the females would sing kiirtana, the males would engage in spiritual practice. This arrangement helped ensure that a strong and sentient vibration was created that would allow the mind to easily flow upwards and become more elevated, by Baba’s grace.

EVERYTHING IS SEPARATE IN ANANDA MARGA

We have to remember that Baba has arranged life in Ananda Marga where we we maintain our sanctity by adhering to certain codes of conduct, not by compromising with our values. In the realm of male-female relations, our proper standard is separation, not free and sensuous mixing of the sexes.

Baba has mandated that everything in Ananda Marga should be separate: For example WWD, our relief activities (AMURTEL), reportings, social service projects, LFT trainings, etc. There are all separate along gender lines.

Here is a more complete list for your review:

1. Jagrtis are not shared between males and females for staying over or for office work.
2. Co-education is not practiced with students above 8 or 10 years of age, i.e. or above the age of puberty.
3. During dharmacakra, seminar, and classes, sadhana is done in distinctly different rows.
4. The organisation itself has an entire separate wing for females, WWD or Women’s Welfare Department.
5. Prout, AMURT, VSS etc also have separate sections for males and females.
6. Reporting is done separately.
7. LFT, Tattvika, and Acarya training is separate for males and females.
8. In-Charges are not mixed. Males are in-charges of males and females of females.
Note: Only in Central Office will the head of WWD be controlled by the General Secretary.
9. During DMS, kaoshikii was also performed separately. And still this practice is maintained for DMS.
10. Females do guard duty for females, and males for males; it is not mixed.
11. Akhanda kiirtana is done in a separate manner.
12. Madhur Sadhana is done according to gender, not with the opposite sex.
13. In any gathering, females & males do not participate together for games and sports.
14. All public processions are organised keeping males and females separate.
15. And there are so many systems in place that ensure strict separation of the sexes.

Furthermore, in Caryacarya Baba guides us that the more separation there is between males and females, the better it is. (1)

OVERSEAS STYLE OF MIXED-GENDER AKHANDA KIIRTANA

Unfortunately what is going on nowadays in akhanda kiirtana sessions at some overseas retreats is just opposite to this. Because at these akhanda kiirtana programs males and females are dancing together. Here ‘together’ does not merely mean that the females and males are together in the same place.

Rather in reference to overseas akhanda kiirtana, the term ‘together’ together means that males and females get completely intertwined – even smushed next to each other – where males and females are touching and pressing up against one another. This severely disturbs and compromises the whole experience of singing akhanda kiirtana.

For those who haven’t seen it, here is a descriptive account of what happens in a typical overseas-style akhanda kiirtana program.

The females form one circle around the puja table which is placed in the middle of the room. And then directly surrounding the female circle is a circle of males. In this way, dozens and dozens of females and males are dancing extremely close by, right next to each other in an enclosed environment.

At this gender-mixed, akhanda kiirtana program, invariably bumping, rubbing, and brushing occurs between members of the opposite sex. Because there is an inner circle of females and an outer circle of males and everyone is moving round and round, so both circles tend to lose their shape and some females rub up against the brothers circle, and likewise some males brush up into the female circle. In that way various types of physical contact happens. Because initially people try to close their eyes, dance, sing, and walk around the akhanda kiirtana circle – all at the same time. In that approach, members of the opposite sex end up knocking into and rubbing up against one another. This happens commonly in the daytime and even more during the nighttime akhanda kiirtana when the room is darker. In that case varieties of touching is going on between male and females, especially when it is crowded.

WHAT EFFECT THIS HAS

The basic idea is that if 2 brothers bump into each other during an akhanda kiirtana session it is pardonable and not quite so detrimental to one’s mental flow. The same is the case if two sisters touch. But when males and females touch and inadvertently rub or bump into one another during akhanda kiirtana that is completely disruptive to the flow. That is why a growing number of overseas margiis are feeling suffocated by this type of akhanda kiirtana program. Because the margiis are involved in trying to elevate the mind and prepare the mind for sadhana, yet in our akhanda kiirtana program various types of touching and bumping is going on – as well as other distractions – which degrade the mind.

On the one hand, there is the touching problem between members of the opposite sex and then there are other issues. Because in these akhanda kiirtana sessions if any brother tries to look at Baba’s photo they end up seeing so many females. Because in between the puja table and the brother’s circle is the unbroken chain of dancers in the female circle. In that case, Baba’s photo is virtually blocked by the female line. And if a male tries to see that photo there is a swirling movement of females; and instead of seeing Baba that male will lay their eyes on the faces of so many females.

A similar type of distraction occurs for those females who wish to exit the akhanda kiirtana circle in order to do sadhana. Here also a problem occurs because they are surrounded by males. And when the akhanda kiirtana is very energetic, females will try to find an opening whereby they can sneak through the male circle. But often one accident or near accident occurs where the members of the opposite sex collide.

Other associated difficulties also arise. But whatever the nature or specific details of the problem, the result is the same. Due to a flawed approach of akhanda kiirtana, one’s ideation and concentration get affected and in that way the mind is not able to get purified – rather it is degraded by persistent contact with the opposite sex etc.

ONE OR OTHER WAY MIND IS COERCED TO GO IN NEGATIVE DIRECTION

When both genders are dancing side by side in akhanda kiirtana and they are taking great care not to bump one another, then they are not ideating on Parama Parama. Rather they are thinking, “Do no bump the opposite sex, do not bump the opposite sex.” After all, mind is one so the person doing kiirtana cannot simultaneously think of “not bumping the opposite sex” and ideate on Parama Purusa. It is not possible. Only when the akhanda kiirtan is gender separated can sadhakas focus exclusively on Parama Purusa because then they need not think about “not bumping the opposite sex.”

For this reason, the mixed gender akhanda kiirtan degrades the mind and one cannot concentrate fully on Parama Purusa. That is why it is tamasika. Because most of the time, in one way or another, one is forced to think about the opposite sex, not Parama Purusa.

WHO CAN FORGET THE MIXED-GENDER TRAIN

Here we should bear in mind that the dogma brought into overseas akhanda kiirtana is not just of a single type. Rather it ebbs and flows according to the so-called creativity and energy of the injector of dogma.

For instance, at one New Year’s akhanda kiirtana at Ananda Kanan (NY), a senior male member physically linked together with many young 14 to 20 year old females in tow behind him. That means in the akhanda kiirtana itself he formed one ‘train’. This senior male created one line where all the males and females alternately held onto the shoulders, or waist, or hips, or hair of the person in front. In that way, one male-female train was formed right in the middle of the kiirtana hall. Like this, various off-shoots can occur.

BUMPING INTO SOMEONE FROM THE OPPOSITE SEX RUINS THE SPIRITUAL FLOW

So in our current overseas style of doing akhanda kiirtana, the purpose is not solved – rather the sentient practice of akhanda kiirtana is severely compromised. Because the main idea of akhanda kiirtana is to go close to Parama Purusa, but our current format of overseas-style akhanda kiirtana undermines this great endeavor. Because one has to be aware about not bumping into someone from the opposite sex and other related problems – in which case ideating on Parama Purusa cannot be done.

When the mind is distracted and not focused then true japa cannot be performed.

Ananda Marga philosophy says, “The mere repetition of mantra will not serve any purpose unless there is a rhythmic parallelism between incantative flow (the flow of the mantra) and the mental flow (the flow of the mind). To perform japakriya’ while harbouring harmful thoughts is futile. One can only attain success in japakriya’ if all the psychic propensities are diverted towards the deep spirit of the mantra.” (2)

“The mind runs in one direction towards its object of fascination; its object of ideation lies in another direction…In the midst of such choas ideation on Parama Purus’a is impossible, even in billions of kalpas [ages].” (3)

By these guidelines, it is clear that we should take care in the way in which we organize our akhanda kiirtana programs so that the environment is most conducive toward focusing on Ista. Unfortunately, the way things are now, one’s mind gets rerouted towards sensual thoughts. Even if one does not wish this to happen, that is the practical result when males and females are bumping into one another. Then there is no question of having proper ideation on the kiirtana mantra.

All in all, the overseas style of akhanda kiirtana is artificial culture, or pseudo-culture, or fake culture. Because according to Baba, proper culture means raising the mind to higher values – not towards the baser propensities. When talking about culture Baba says that culture means that expression which motivates the mind toward subtler aspects, introversial. Tragically, this does not happen in our overseas-style, akhanda kiirtana programs.

PROPOSAL FOR OUR OVERSEAS RETREATS:

ONE GENDER SING AND DANCE KIIRTANA, AND THE OTHER GENDER WILL DO SADHANA

Hence at our overseas sectorial retreats etc, a proper solution is needed. And the best example to follow is Baba’s. Here we have the opportunity to advance ahead by following the exact same approach which Baba Himself has approved. Namely, when males are dancing and singing kiirtana, then females can sit at a moderate distance and do sadhana. Thereafter, we can switch. Females will sing and dance kiirtana, and the males will be do sadhana.

On multiple accounts – i.e. for many reasons – alternating sadhana and kiirtana between males and females is in concert with Baba’s system. The main reason being that Baba Himself has guided us that we should do like this. And in His presence it was done in this very fashion, separately between males and females. And by that way the whole sanctity of the DMC was maintained – sentient and pure.

Thus, during our akhanda kiirtana program at sectorial retreats etc, then males and females can sing kiirtana separately or alternately, as described above. Then the problem of bumping into or touching members of the opposite sex will be eradicated.

Overall males and females can still participate in the same program in the same hall, but kiirtana would be sung and performed separately. In that way it would be consistent with the spirit of what was done during DMC and our other Ananda Marga programs.

ANOTHER BENEFIT:

GOSSIP TIME TURNS INTO SADHANA TIME

It is sometimes seen that some margiis & Wts skip their sadhana during this type of overseas-style akhanda kiirtana. Because just they were moving around the circle with members of the opposite sex, and after a while someone might leave the akhanda kiirtana – without doing sadhana. Just they casually walk away. They may go outside the hall and gossip, or attend to mundane activities, or go for sports or music rehearsal, or get food or have some snack. So after kiirtana they fail to do sadhana. And they miss out on all the benefits and the overall environment gets disturbed.

Any sadhaka more established in sixteen points etc does not do like this. But some few others haphazardly depart from the akhanda kiirtana circle and skip their sadhana.

So by adopting the sentient kiirtana system that is approved by Baba, then this problem of skipping meditation will be easily resolved since in the sentient style of kiirtana, sadhana is always done afterwards. That is Baba’s method.

Taken altogether, at our overseas akhanda kiirtana programs we should seriously consider refining our approach from rajasik to sentient. That will act as a special boon for one and all.

For all these reasons discussed above, it is clear that mixed gender akhanda kiirtana is tamasika because in so many various ways it degrades the mind.

KIIRTANA PLAYS A SPECIAL ROLE:

INCREMENTAL ELEVATION OF MIND

According to Baba, kiirtana plays one special role. It often happens that when one sits for sadhana the mind does not like to initially move in that direction. Some build-up is needed. It is just like if you want to climb the steps or drive your motorcycle then must progress systematically – immediately you cannot reach up to the 10th step and immediately you cannot put the motorcycle in the top gear. Rather one must proceed incrementally.

The same approach Baba has created with our spiritual practices. Because when the mind is involved in worldly things then starting sadhana instantaneously is not easy. So Baba has given different steps: bhajan, kiirtana, sadhana etc.

After singing bhajans the mind gets a little pointed and thereafter kiirtana is done. During bhajans people usually sit, but in kiirtana everyone stands up and dances; one’s whole existence becomes involved. The basic guideline is that during kiirtana all the organs are engaged. Aspirants are chanting the kiirtana mantra with their mouth, seeing Baba’s photo with their eyes, hearing the Baba-Nam-Kevalam mantra with their ears, plus the arms are raised in the air in surrenders and one’s feet are dancing according to the system to awaken and energise the sahasrara cakra.

In this way, all the limbs and organs are involved: the ears, mouth, hands, eyes etc. In this condition the mind has no scope to run away – and if it tries then it gets redirected and again focuses on the Goal. That is the specialty of kiirtana.

So if kiirtana is done independently or according to the system as practiced in India then fine, but in collective overseas kiirtana certain obstacles are created that hinder the entire kiirtana practice.

KIIRTANA IS TO PREPARE THE MIND FOR BETTER SADHANA

One other great benefit is that by doing kiirtana before sadhana, then sadhana will be greatly improved. In this way Baba guides us that after kiirtana sadhana should always be done. Because kiirtana is one special way to prepare the mind for sadhana.

“I have already said, and I repeat it again, that now the time has come to manifest the glory of kiirtana. And I also want to say further that those who wish to attain spiritual progress in their sadhana will have to do more and more kiirtana. By kiirtana, the mind becomes pure, and with this pure mind, one can do sadhana.” (4)

“kiirtana [is] the most essential aid for sadhana.” (5)

“If the mind is made pure even for five minutes by kiirtana, then if you do sadhana for only five minutes, your sadhana will be very good – you will surely attain spiritual progress.” (6)

By this, anyone can see that kiirtana is one special practice and if done properly then the mind gets purified; but if done incorrectly then that purification process does not occur. And one will also miss out on improving their sadhana – that will not occur.

SENSUOUS MIXING OF THE SEXES ON THE STAGE

When our entire Ananda Marga way of life is separated along gender lines, it is shameful that today we are allowing the free and sensuous mixing of the sexes on the stage during our RAWA cultural programs. This sets a bad example for those young dancers and thrusts them into the world of pseudo-culture. Plus it is degrading for the audience to watch. It is a negative scene from all directions.

And like this in all aspects of life in Ananda Marga, wherever we look or examine the situation it is clear that the activities and dealings is distinctly separate with regards to males and females.

BECAUSE IT ‘FEELS GOOD’ IS NO JUSTIFICATION

When people do something just because it “feels good” then often they have divorced themselves from higher ideals. Because only they do that thing because it “feels good” – they do not use their logic or rationality. But they continue ahead in their ways regardless. This may be the case with why in overseas sectors this mixed akhanda kiirtana between members of the opposite sex is going on.

“Whatever human beings do, motivated by A’tma-Sukha Tattva, is for the sake of pleasure. This principle of selfish pleasure rests on dogma…They observe that these dogmas are based on A’tma-Sukha Tattva; but they think, “I don’t care whether it does good or harm to others, because at last I have enjoyed some pleasure!” Being motivated by this idea, they enslave themselves to dogmas. In the civilized world, even educated people knowingly follow dogmas because they have a desire in the back of their minds to attain some mundane pleasure.” (7)

Those who follow atma-sukha tattva can never lead or serve the society.

KIIRTANA MAKES ONE VICTORIOUS

“Kiirtana is not only helpful in the realm of spirituality, but also in all spheres of life; it banishes physical troubles and tribulations as well. Kiirtana fights against all mundane difficulties and finally one becomes victorious.” (8)

ONE WHO DOES NOT DO THIS WASTES ONE’S LIFE

“He has given you your organs. Utilize them for Him. With your voice sing His name, His praise, His kiirtana. With your mind think of Him. One who does not do this wastes one’s life. And where people have only human frame but not human mind tell them this message.” (Ananda Vacanamrtam – 30, You Live According to God’s Desire)

MA IN 700 LANGUAGES WILL NOT MAKE IT

“The mind will have to be made one-pointed through sadhana, and the best means for achieving one-pointedness is kiirtana. Kiirtaniiyá sadá harih. Human beings should always do the kiirtana of the Lord. When one does kiirtana the mind becomes one-pointed within a short time. Then one sits for sadhana and while sitting there is progress, the mind becomes spotless, everything is gained. The human being will have to rush towards Parama Puruśa. Nobody can become a jinánii by reading books. A person earns real knowledge by rushing towards Parama Puruśa and coming into his close proximity, and one who earns this real knowledge attains liberation or salvation. For this, one who does not know their abc’s will make it, and one who has an MA in 700 languages will not make it. This is a different world, a different matter altogether. An intelligent person, therefore, will move forward single-mindedly on the path of sadhana, and in order to prepare his mind for sadhana that person will certainly do a little kiirtana. I have said this before in several places and I am saying it again: kiirtaniiyah sadá harih, that is, one must do the kiirtana of the Lord, the kiirtana of Parama Puruśa. And why must one do the kiirtana of Parama Puruśa? Because one of his names is Hari. Hari means: harati pápaḿ ityarthe harih, that is, he who steals the sins of the unit being is Hari.” (9)

ALL THE ORGANS ARE KEPT PREOCCUPIED WITH THE DIVINE

“When kiirtana was first invented, the psycho-philosophy behind it was this: at the time of kiirtana, the vocal cord sings, the ears hear, and the hands and feet dance, and thus all the organs are kept preoccupied with the divine. They are not allowed to move wherever they want but are kept engaged. There is a popular Indian superstition that when ghosts are not kept busy they break the necks of their prey. Similarly, if the sensory and motor organs are not kept engaged in the attainment of the divine, they may lead one astray. Kiirtana is therefore most beneficial as it keeps all the organs fully engaged in a spiritual pursuit. However, while doing kiirtan, if one listens to anything else, the mind will be diverted. Suppose, while doing kiirtana, one lady asks another, “Well sister, what did you cook today?” This will also be heard by the practitioners of kiirtana. To prevent these undesirable sounds from being heard, it is advisable to play some instrument during kiirtana. A mrdauṋga [a kind of drum] or some similar instrument should be used, but one should not play any heavy-sounding instrument like a d́hák [a large drum played with sticks], a d́hol [a loud drum] or a gong. The mind prefers to hear a sweet sound, like that of the mrdauṋga, than a harsh sound. Some time ago I mentioned that Bhola Mayra said that when the cookawing of crows and the beating of drums stop, human ears get some relief. People do not like to hear such harsh, unpleasant sounds. The sound of the mrdauṋga may not be perfect, but it has one quality: it is very sweet. Thus, whenever a distracted mind hears the sweet music of a mrdauṋga, it returns to the proper place. A remarkable science lies in kiirtana.” (10)

WHAT DO YOU GAIN BY DOING KIIRTANA?

“What do you gain by doing kiirtana? Several sense organs become engaged. The tongue is occupied. So during that time you won’t have thoughts like, “I will eat this, eat that;” no kind of greed will remain. The sense of taste and taste buds are obstructed. The ears are busy hearing the kiirtana, so they have no scope to go elsewhere. The mind is always thinking of that, so it also has no scope to go elsewhere. And if kiirtana is combined with dance then one’s attention is directed to the rhythm of the dance. As a result of the dance, hormones are secreted from the glands. So under no circumstances can the mind degenerate. There is no way for it to go down. This is the way of the wise.” (11)

KIIRTANA AVERTS THE DEGRADATION OF THE HUMAN MIND:

WHENEVER YOU FIND TIME, DO KIIRTANA LOUDLY

“Kiirtaniiyah sadáharih one should always sing the glory of the Lord. It is the frailty of human beings that when a few of them group together, they indulge in criticizing or mudslinging others. This leads to psychic degradation. In fact people should perform such actions which will lead to psychic elevation, actions which give the mind no scope for degeneration. The easiest way to do this is to sing the glories of the Supreme Entity whose very thought automatically elevates the mind. Chanting the name of Parama Puruśa aloud is called kiirtana; For, the vibration created in the atmosphere by kiirtana will influence others also. But if one’s mental ideation is conveyed only to Parama Puruśa without affecting other human beings, this is called bhajana. So bhajana is purely personal; it has no collective aspect. Kiirtana is more beneficial than bhajana, and hence it is said kiirtaniiyah sadá harih: whenever you find time, do kiirtana loudly and you will never become degenerated because by chanting the Lord’s holy name the mind remains elevated. Mudslinging and criticizing is thereby stopped forever, and hence kiirtana averts the degradation of the human mind. You should always remember that in every sphere of life – social, political, economic, psychic, and spiritual – you should always follow the principle of “taking the opposite stance”: there is no exception to this rule. Victory will surely be yours.” (12)

We should not follow the aforementioned tamasika akhanda kiirtana style but rather a sentient gender-separated manner of doing akhanda kiirtana.

Namaskar,
in Him,
Ramesh

REFERENCES:
1. Reference: CC part 1, Chapter 24
2. Discourses on Tantra – 2
3. Discourses on Tantra – 2
4. NHNS-2
5. Bliss of Kiirtana, p.5
6. NHNS-2
7. NH-LOI, ’87, p.37
8. Bliss of Kiirtana, p.8
9. Ananda Vacnamrtam – 9, Discrimination in Rights
10. Ananda Vacanamrtam – 8, Sádhaná, Abhidhyána and Kiirtana
11. AV-10, The Supreme Entity – the Non-Doer
12. AMIWL-11, Taking the Opposite Stance in Battle

The section below demarcated by asterisks is an entirely different topic,
completely unrelated to the above material. It stands on its own as a point of interest.

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Way to Bring People into Ananda Marga

“Ánanda Márgiis should never compel people to follow Ánanda Márga philosophy. Rather, they should always inspire people along the path of spirituality by encouraging selfless service, sacrifice, good conduct, spiritual practices, the development of all-round knowledge, etc. Ananda Marga is a comprehensive mode of living based on spirituality, and in Ananda Marga sádhaná, dhyana and japa are Atmic or Dharmic jiivika.” (Prout in Nutshell – 16, Three Types of Occupation)

Note: In Ananda Marga, we do not subscribe to the policy of forced conversions; whereas, this approach is prevalent in many of the religions where they convert their prey under the pressure of the sword or by brute force. This is especially true of the Semitic religions. They did this in the past and they are doing at present also. In Ananda Marga, we do not support that modus operendii. Rather people come to accept Ananda Marga by their own free will and desire after understanding and learning the fundamentals. A similar approach should be taken with one’s own kids also. Do not force them to participate, rather logically convince them, little by little.
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Prabhat Samgiita 1103

PS Intro: Throughout Baba’s vast collection of Prabhat Samgiita, in most songs the devotee and Parama Purusa are communicating with one another. In some of the songs the style of conversation is direct while others are indirect. When the style of expression is indirect, no one should conclude that the sadhaka is having a conversation with another sadaka. That is not at all the case. Rather, the bhakta is communicating with Parama Purusa – using indirect language.

In the below song, in the first two stanzas the sadhaka is indirectly talking to Parama Purusa. The sadhaka is expressing his feelings and referring to Parama Purusa in the third person – yet all along he understands that Parama Purusa is there – listening. It is only in the third stanza, the sadaka is addressing all of creation, with the knowledge that Parama Purusa is also listening.

“Dharmo a’ma’ri sa’thii, dharmo a’ma’ri pra’n’…” (PS 1103)

Purport:

Dharma is my eternal companion; dharma is my very life. I only accept and follow Parama Purusa Himself because I am His gift. He alone has graciously blessed me with human life. He alone has granted me my existence. It is His grace.

Since the first dawn of my life, He has been with me each and every step – in my every breath, watching, guiding, and protecting me. And only He will remain along with me until the final moment of my life. I always follow His path – His teachings – never forgetting His blessing.

O’ inhabitants of the three worlds – wherever you may be – go on singing and dancing, immersed in His divine name. Remain ensconced in His ideation – in His sweet flow, and go on singing His divine songs, i.e. singing His glory.

O’ Parama Purusa, O’ Baba, You are my eternal companion. You are always with me. Baba, I love You…

Note: In the above song, dharma means Parama Purusa. They are one and the same. Parama Purusa has countless names to reflect His infinite qualities and attributions – one of which is Dharma itself.

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